Варикоз вен нижних конечностей - это очень опасная болезнь
Varicose veins of the lower extremities. Causes of the disease (Wikipedia and the official approach):
There is a primary and secondary varicose veins of the lower extremities. The secondary develops as a result of injuries, tumors, etc., when the venous system can not fully perform its functions.
The primary develops due to the weakness of the venous wall. The causes that contribute to the development of varicose veins of the lower extremities:
- hormonal imbalance;
- тяжелые статические нагрузки;
- work associated with long standing on the legs (for example, hairdressers, sellers, waiters);
- sitting in the wrong posture, especially the toe-to-toe;
- high-heeled shoes;
- sedentary lifestyle.
All these factors contribute to worsening of the outflow of blood from the lower limbs, thereby superficial veins overflow, expand, form a stagnation of blood. Heredity plays an important role in the development of the disease.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - symptoms
Varicosity of the lower extremities is accompanied by such signs:
- swelling of the legs at the end of the working day;
- feeling of heaviness in the legs;
- cramps in the calf muscles mainly at night;
- pain, burning sensation in the legs;
- vascular asterisks on the legs;
- the formation of trophic ulcers.
Сосудистые звездочки – это небольшие узелки красно-синего цвета на коже, которые можно заметить на голенях в самом начале заболевания. Зачастую варикоз вен нижних конечностей при беременности доставляет особенный дискомфорт.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - stages
Различают несколько стадий развития болезни:
- compensation - on the legs appear vascular asterisks and convoluted veins, no complaints
- subcompensation - there are complaints of swelling, spasms of the calf muscles, a sense of heaviness, fatigue in the legs, visually defined enlarged veins
- декомпенсации – добавляются дерматиты, мелкие кровоизлияния, кожа становится плотной, сухой, легкоранимой, появляются пигментные пятна
The earlier the disease is revealed, the easier it is to treat it.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - diagnosis
For an accurate diagnosis of the disease, you need to contact the doctor. Varicose veins of the lower extremities are involved in vascular surgery. For the diagnosis, except for complaints and visual examination, special methods of investigation should be used.
A gold standard is duplex angioscanning. This method combines ultrasound and Doppler scanning. Thus, it is possible to see the state of the vascular wall in real time and assess the rate of blood flow in the venous system of the lower extremities.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - how to treat with ointments
In the pharmacy you can find a huge number of ointments from varicose veins of the lower extremities. They are based on substances that improve the trophism of tissues, relieve edema and strengthen the vascular wall. Varicose veins of the lower extremities, photos and reviews about the ointments are on the pages of preparations in the network.
На ранних этапах развития заболевания применение различных мазей позволяет улучшить состояние венозной системы и замедлить прогрессирование болезни, но окончательно так не удастся победить варикоз вен нижних конечностей. Результаты будут только после посещения врача.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - complications
Если есть варикоз вен нижних конечностей, лечение должно начаться быстрее, иначе заболевание будет прогрессировать, что чревато серьезными осложнениями. Застой крови в венах способствует образованию тромбов, развивается флеботромбоз, а если вена еще и воспаляется – тромбофлебит.
Formed thrombi at any time can break from its place and get into the bloodstream. In this case, the thrombus enters the veins of the lungs, clogging them. In this case, a person can die from suffocation even before the arrival of an ambulance, because such a terrible complication is extremely difficult to treat even in a specialized hospital, and there is very little time to save lives.
In addition, due to stagnation of blood, the lower extremities nutrition is disturbed. On the skin deep trophic ulcers are formed, which do not heal well and tend to spread. This can lead to limb amputation.
Proceeding from the fact that complications of varicose veins of the lower extremities are not at all harmless, it is necessary to contact a qualified specialist as soon as possible. Only a doctor can prescribe an effective treatment and help avoid complications.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - treatment in Moscow
Experienced doctors of our center will be able to choose the best treatment. Varicose veins of the lower extremities (Moscow can offer a huge number of methods of surgical treatment) is treatable!
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - conservative treatment
It is based on the use of compression linen, stockings, golf, tights, and sometimes diets. How to cure varicose veins of the lower extremities? Medicamentous treatment without surgery can not be considered 100% effective, when the manifestations of the disease are quite severe. If there are trophic ulcers and varicose veins of lower extremities are started, treatment without surgery is impossible.
Варикоз вен нижних конечностей – лечение: операция или все же процедура?
- Intravascular coagulation. Do you have varicose veins of the lower extremities? Laser treatment in Moscow - a small endovascular operation, during which the laser is obliterated by a laser. You will be removed varicose veins of the lower extremities, laser treatment is based on the introduction of blood flow into the desired vein. And varicose veins of the lower extremities win. Laser treatment, the cost of which is not so great, takes a little time and is well tolerated by patients, and they forget that they had varicose veins of the lower extremities, laser treatment (the price in our center is affordable) is very effective. The final figure depends on the stage of the disease and the amount of work of the doctor. Be not afraid, that then again attacks varicose veins of the bottom extremities. Laser treatment (reviews are very numerous!) Will definitely put you on your feet!
- Short stripping is a minimally invasive procedure, in which a small area of the affected trunk vein is removed. Thus, it is possible to preserve as many healthy segments of veins as possible.
- Cryophlebectomy - removal of the vein with a cryoprobe. The operation is not highly traumatic - however, a small incision is made to insert the probe. After the operation, you immediately see the results.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment with radio frequency
How to remove varicose veins of the lower extremities? Treatment of RFA is of interest to patients in particular. Why do many people dream of eliminating varicose veins of the lower extremities, do they prefer treatment with RCH?
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an operation that can be performed on an outpatient basis if you want to forget varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment of RFA in Moscow uses radio frequency, which is "sealed" a vein and varicose veins of lower extremities are removed. The treatment of RFE in Moscow is quick and effective.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy is a method of treatment in which a special substance is injected into the affected vein, which causes its sclerosis.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy can be supplemented by any intervention on the veins. The procedure is practically painless and is carried out in an outpatient setting.
Phlebectomy - a traditional operation to remove the affected veins of the lower extremities. It is carried out in a hospital by vascular or general surgeons to finally remove varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment after surgery consists of long-term use of pain medications, antibiotics and compression therapy.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities. Than to treat?
Each method of treatment has its own indications and contraindications. To choose the optimal method, you need to consult a doctor, he will assess your varicose veins of the lower extremities, as well as cure - also say.
Varicose veins of lower extremities, treatment at home
Along with surgical treatment, there are auxiliary methods that can slightly remove varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment of folk remedies that can be carried out at home.
Caution - varicose veins of the lower extremities
Treatment with folk methods (the prices for herbs and cream are different), but still do not put too much hope on a green pharmacy.
It is important to pay attention to nutrition, if there is varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment with folk methods, the price of which is a penny. It is necessary to limit the consumption of meat, spicy, salty and smoked food, increase the number of vegetables and fruits in the diet and exclude alcohol and coffee.
The optimal regime of the day and therapeutic exercises will help improve blood circulation in the extremities. This requires 10-15 minutes per day.
Simple folk methods of treatment can complement the complex of measures for the treatment of varicose veins. Rubbing the legs with tincture of horse chestnut, apple cider vinegar, butter and garlic, and many other products have been known since ancient times. They will ease varicose veins of the lower extremities, the cost, photos and results can be viewed on our website on the Internet.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - prevention
For prevention, it is necessary first of all to adhere to the labor regime. You can not always be on your feet or sit in one position. From time to time it's worth taking small breaks to rest your legs.
After a hard day, you can do a foot massage, after which it is advisable to put your feet on a raised platform. So the outflow of blood from the extremities improves.
You should not get involved in a hot bath and sauna. For the prevention of varicose veins it is much more useful to take a contrast shower and rinse your feet with cool water.
It is important to monitor the weight. Excess body weight increases the burden on the venous system and promotes the development of the disease.
If there is a predisposition to the development of the disease, and there is no possibility to exclude all risk factors, it is better to engage in prevention. Even if the disease has already begun, do not despair. Varicose veins of the lower limbs - this is not a verdict. With timely detection of the problem and access to specialists, you can get rid of the disease and avoid serious complications.
We invite you to visit our specialist phlebologist and get rid of varicose during the early stages.