Interview Ph.D. Semenova Artem Yuryevich to the magazine "Zdorovie" about the problems of varicose veins and its prevention.
- Author: Семенов Артем Юрьевич
- Category: News
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Varicosity always creeps unnoticed, causing heaviness in the legs, swelling, and sometimes reminds of yourself with a sharp pain while walking on his heels and appearing on his feet unaesthetic cobweb.
In the March issue of the journal Health, in the section "Ask an Expert", the questions of journalists were answered by the Head of the "Medical Innovation Center of Phlebology", Candidate of Medical Sciences Semenov Artem Yuryevich.
Why does varicose occur so unexpectedly?
In fact, this problem can not be called sudden. It all starts with a malfunction of the venous valves and the emergence of a reverse current (reflux) of the blood. But in the early stages of the disease symptoms are poorly expressed, so they are easy to miss. Elevated fatigue legs women write off for a long walk or uncomfortable shoes. Convulsions - a lack of calcium and magnesium. Therefore, it is important not to miss the first 5 signs of varicose veins:
1. Fatigue of the legs by the evening, tingling during the day;
2. Small edema on the feet and dermal itching of the legs;
3. Strengthening of the vascular pattern - small vessels are visible on the skin;
4. Cramps in the legs and drawing pain from the long wearing of shoes with heels;
5. Numbness and discomfort.
Can varicosity be prevented in the early stages?
You can if you follow these simple rules.
1. Go more than 3 km per day in comfortable shoes (running for varicose is not recommended);
2. Wear heels not higher than 4 cm and do not sit "foot on foot";
3. Every 20-30 minutes perform 10-15 rolls from heel to toe. This helps improve venous blood flow by reducing the calf muscles.
4. In the evening - contrast shower for feet and daily massage from the feet to the hips.
5. Wear a compression knitwear.
And what is the function of compression knitwear?
He sets a strictly defined pressure on the ankle, shin and thigh and distributes the pressure in such a way that the blood moves faster toward the heart, unloading the veins. Therefore, compression stockings, tights in the case of varicose veins are irreplaceable. They do not relieve the disease, but its progression is stopped. In addition, compression knitwear significantly reduces swelling and fatigue.
How to start his choice?
It is best to begin with a specialist phlebologist consultation, which will assign the necessary degree of compression and send it to a professional orthopedic salon. Compression knitwear is an orthopedic product with many important parameters for health (compression ratio, girth, viscous, density). Employees of professional salons will help you correctly make measurements and choose the model that is right for you. Knitwear should ideally sit on the foot to create compression in certain places and make the blood move to the heart, unloading the veins. In the salon you will have the opportunity to learn how to properly wear and remove compression knitwear, learn how to take care of it, so that it lasts a long time.
How to choose?
Make sure that stockings and pantyhose, being a medical product, have a registration certificate of Roszdravnadzor. A wide dimensional grid is the second important criterion for the selection of knitwear. The more sizes and possibilities of non-standard solutions, the more guarantees that the knitwear is ideal for you.
Softness and elasticity are very important for putting on and comfortable wearing knitwear. Therefore, check the presence of soft threads - for example, microfiber.
Modern manufacturers use innovative technologies that make compression tights beautiful and comfortable.