Acute pathological conditions associated with blood vessels, can bring a lot of trouble. One such disease is thrombophlebitis, which is usually observed on the lower limbs, and ignoring treatment can bring a person dangerous complications, up to a lethal outcome.
Thrombophlebitis - what is it?
Thrombophlebitis is a serious disease, during which an inflammatory process of the walls of blood vessels is observed with the formation of a thrombus, as a result of which the limb becomes swollen (swollen).
Thrombophlebitis - symptoms
A thrombus is a solid formation of blood cells that glue together. Blood clots can interfere with the normal flow of blood throughout the body. Blood clots can cause swelling in the veins of the neck or hands, but this happens very rarely. The pain in the extremities is typical, sometimes the temperature rises. Pain pulling, bursting.
Thrombophlebitis. What does Wikipedia say?
The authors of Wikipedia article argue that thrombophlebitis is an inflammation of the vein, which is associated with the formation of a blood clot (thrombus).
Thrombophlebitis - Causes
The formation of blood clots is the main cause of venous inflammation. The following is a list of risk factors that can lead to clot formation.
- Vein Damage
- Use of birth control pills
- Bed rest for a long period
- Diabetes (type II)
- Deficiency of vitamins in the blood, for example, vitamin B-12 deficiency
Active movement promotes circulation, which prevents the coagulation of blood cells.
Thrombophlebitis - diagnosis
Diagnosis of the disease on the basis of examination and additional methods: angiography, ultrasound, phlebography, phleboscintigraphy.
Thrombophlebitis - how dangerous
There are two serious dangers of thrombophlebitis:
- Migrating a blood clot in a deep venous system. In this case, complications can occur, as deep veins are affected, which is manifested by ulcers and severe swelling.
- Closure of thrombus. A severed thrombus enters the circulatory system, which leads to thromboembolism and can often result in death. Thrombophlebitis of lower limbs, photowhich is in the network, a cold-blooded "executioner"!
The conclusion is this: do not delay with treatment!Methods of treatment of thrombophlebitisnumerous, it will be possible to choose the optimal one.
Thrombophlebitis - what to treat
The treatment of thrombophlebitis will depend on the stage at which the disease is located.
- constant wearing of compression jersey;
- anti-inflammatory drugs and ointments;
- preparations for the dilution of blood;
- laser treatment;
- treatment of RFA.
Also in many cases, patients use folk methods that will not help to eliminatethrombophlebitis of the lower extremities, symptomswhich is very unpleasant, but only aggravate the situation of the patient.
Thrombophlebitis - how to treat quickly
Want to quickly removeThrombophlebitis? Treatment without surgeryand it is possible only if the thrombus is in the superficial veins. It is very important to adhere to bed rest to remove puffiness. Reception of anticoagulants will help to accelerate the liquefaction of blood clots and partially eliminatethrombophlebitis. Treatment (Moscow- a city where there are many good specialists involved in the treatment of acute thrombophlebitis) should be comprehensive. Use ointments to help remove inflammation.
The main thing is if you havethrombophlebitis of veins- consult a doctor.
Thrombophlebitis of the lower limbs - treatment
Treatment can only be done by experienced specialists:
- Conservative. The goal is to reduce blood clotting and reduce the inflammation of the vein wall;
- Operative. The goal is to remove blood clots and to eliminate the further progression of the inflammatory process.
The phlebologist, after examination and ultrasound scanning, will be based on the severity of the illness and the condition of the patient at the time of the examination. In some cases, when the thrombus is very high, only emergency admission to the vascular compartment for urgent surgery is indicated.
Thrombophlebitis or phlebothrombosis
Phlebothrombosis lasts for a long time and is also characterized by the formation of a thrombus in the lumen of the vein, but without inflammatory changes in the wall of the vein itself. Increases coagulability, which slows the flow of blood. Because of weak fixation, the thrombus can soon come off and lead to thromboembolism. A few days after the onset of clot formation, inflammation can join and it is already possible to talk about such a disease asacute thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities. Dietand water stress should become mandatory in the treatment. It is necessary to drink a large amount of liquid to remove intoxication of the body, stabilize the water-salt balance and reduce the recurrence of phlebothrombosis.
Thrombophlebitis and varicose veins
Varicose veins are the main precursor of such a pathology asthrombophlebitis of the lower extremities. Preventionnot always can help, when varicose veins are affected. The reason is one - a weak tone of the venous walls. Because of the reduced tone, the veins cease to overcome the resistance of the blood of those veins that are located higher. This leads to their expansion.
Thrombophlebitis and varicose veinsare diseases that have long been called "a disease that knocks down."
Thrombophlebitis at risk
A greater risk of developing thrombophlebitis is possible in the following situations:
- Decreased activity (recumbent patients after a stroke, infarction, injuries, severe operations);
- Excess weight;
- Venous diseases.
The more factors, the higher the chances of developing thrombophlebitis.
Thrombophlebitis: stages or variants of the course
The disease can be in 3 stages:
- Characterized by varicose veins. There is a small pain, fatigue.
- There is swelling, the pain becomes stronger.
- Edema can be accompanied by the formation of ulcers that do not heal. The skin darkens, and flakes due to the appearance of dryness.
The third stage is life-threatening, therefore, at the first sign, you should go to the hospital to quickly removethrombophlebitis. Treatment of RFA in Moscow, or another operation - there are many methods, the main thing is to turn in time.
Thrombophlebitis - conservative treatment
In addition to taking medications, conservative treatment includes the following procedures:
- Compression linen, which consists of elastic fibers;
- Ultraviolet irradiation;
- Infrared rays;
- Ointments, which include heparin (for example, Lyoton 1000 or Gepatrombin);
- Proper nutrition;
- Bed rest.
During treatment, the doctor monitors all changes.
Thrombophlebitis - medications
Treatment with medicines can give excellent results. What exactly will be assigned to you, this will be determined by the doctor. And if you can not stopThrombophlebitis? Treatment - operationin this case is shown unambiguously.
- Analgesics (painkillers);
- Antibiotics (if the infection is present);
- Anticoagulants (drugs for dilution of blood) to prevent new blood clots (direct and indirect);
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as Ibuprofen and derivatives of Rutozide, to reduce pain and inflammation;
- Thrombolytics liquefy the formed clot (Trypsin, Urokinaza).
The combination of medication and conservative therapy may well be enough for a full recovery. But this is only if you turned in time for help. Otherwise, it is more difficult to defeatthrombophlebitis. Laser treatment in Moscowcan be the next step to victory over thrombophlebitis.
Thrombophlebitis: laser treatment
Intravenous laser treatment (VLO) is a minimally invasive technique under ultrasound control, quickly removesthrombophlebitis. Laser treatment (reviews)very encouraging) This method is usually performed by a phlebologist, an interventional radiologist or a vascular surgeon, whose specialization -thrombophlebitis. Laser treatment, pricewhich is individual, passes after anesthesia, the procedure begins, and lasts about 50 min. Minimal intervention guaranteed, disappearsthrombophlebitis. Laser treatment (costyou will be told in the clinic) is really effective!
Thrombophlebitis - treatment in Moscow by other methods
What else can help, if you haveThrombophlebitis? Treatment, prices, reviewsand the results interest everyone.
Thrombophlebitis - treatment of RFA
This method is one of the best, if there isthrombophlebitis. Radio Frequency Treatmentdoes not bring pain, but leaves behind only positive results. Exposure to the vein walls of the thermal catheter helps to eliminate thrombus and blood clots, you will not see morethrombophlebitis. Treatment of RCH in Moscowshort-lived.
Or maybe youthrombophlebitis, treatment of RFOyet are afraid to apply? Treating thrombophlebitis at home for many is salvation. How to removethrombophlebitis, treatment with folk remedieswill help? This method of treatment on compresses (mainly on the basis of body-water) and tinctures from medicinal plants (colanchoe, nettle, nutmeg) is based on this method. Remember that it's impossible to win this waythrombophlebitis. Treatment with folk methodsnot as effective as a doctor.
Basic preventive measures:
1. Watch for weight and nutrition;
2. Lead an active life;
3. Rest more often, lifting your legs on the bed-of-bed or the back of the sofa;
4. Be engaged in physical culture.
And most importantly - immediately contact the hospital.
Acute thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities, treatment
Acute thrombophlebitis, operationon which it can be urgent, is very dangerous. In this method of treatment you need to wait until the redness and inflammation of the skin becomes minimal.
The goal of the treatment is to eliminate blood clots or in severe cases of the entire site of the affected vein.Acute thrombophlebitis of superficial veinsrequires immediate assistance.
Acute ascending thrombophlebitis of the large saphenous veinis considered a common disease of the vascular system. The development of such a disease carries a serious threat to life, since inflammation and the formation of blood clots passes from the lower part of the body (lower leg) to the top (inguinal fold).
Varicotrombophlebitis of lower extremities
Varicothrombophlebitis is a form of thrombophlebitis, and the most common. It is characterized by the defeat of dilated varicose veins on the lower limbs. The main cause of the disease can be complications of varicose veins. Here, just do not take it awaythrombophlebitis. Treatment after surgerytoo, should be serious.
Superficial thrombophlebitis of the lower extremitiesaffects the veins that are up to 3 cm under the skin. The formation of a thrombus brings discomfort, pain and restraint of movements. In order not to lead the situation to complications, you should immediately go to the hospital.
Thrombophlebitis, treatment. Feedback from our patients.
Arina, 40 years, Ekaterinburg.
Hello! I have been working as an accountant for many years, I do not move much, and the weight is great. For a long time I suffered from thrombophlebitis of the lower limb. The lower leg was completely dark blue, and the veins increased several times. I found out about your clinic from a friend and did not wait, as I heard about serious complications. I was treated with a laser. I want to say that it does not hurt at all. The veins became not noticeable, although pulling tights had about 1 month to wear, but it's worth it. Now I live a full life and every day doing leg exercises to strengthen the walls of blood vessels.Arina, 40 years, Ekaterinburg.
My mum had an acute thrombophlebitis of the veins of the right lower limb. She was very tormented by pain, swelling and redness in her leg. Heard good reviews about your clinic and without hesitating right away to you. We were told that we were delayed with treatment and therefore we will have to use only endovascular intervention. Under local anesthesia, my mother underwent an operation with RFO, during which the thrombus was removed to the lower leg. Now we only wear compression linen and take medication, which they prescribed to us in order to reduce coagulation. Thank you very much to all the staff of the clinic.Svetlana, Biysk.