Deep vein thrombosis - what is it?
Based on the name, deep vein thrombosis is a disease in which clots of blood (blood clots) form in the lumen of the deep veins. Most often suffer from lower limbs. When the disease develops, the health of deep vessels is threatened. If you do not schedule treatment in time, there can be serious consequences.
Deep vein thrombosis is dangerous!
Due to the formation of thrombi, the normal flow of blood is disrupted, and this leads to blockage of blood vessels. With such disorders, tissue necrosis may occur in some areas of the body. In the worst case, the blood clots form and fall into the heart or lung. In such cases, because of thromboembolism of the artery of the lung, a person dies.
Deep vein thrombosis - Wikipedia says ...
DVT is considered a pathological condition that is characterized by the formation of thrombi in the deep vein cavity. Such a disease is observed in 10-20% of the total population. 3-15% of people who have not received proper treatment die from pulmonary embolism.
Thrombosis of deep veins in varicose veins
Very often, deep vein thrombosis becomes a complication of varicose veins. From the location of the thrombus and its size will determine the severity of the disease. If there is no complete blockage of the vessel, the symptoms of the disease may be completely absent.
Deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities - diet
In case of vein thrombosis, a diet should be observed, excluding foods containing a significant amount of vitamin K and C from the diet. It is also recommended that moderate fluid intake is recommended.
It is necessary to consume foods that dilute blood, for example, garlic, pepper and artichoke.
Deep vein thrombosis of lower leg
The most common cause of venous thrombosis of the leg is infection. Deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities of the lower leg is characterized by the fact that blood clots form at the site of infection, this applies both to the venous vessel and surrounding tissues.
If the injury provokes the development of acute thrombosis, then the infection is a factor in the chronic form of the disease.
Deep vein thrombosis - causes
Deep vein thrombosis often occurs with a combination of several factors:
- when blood coagulability is violated;
- when the blood flow slows down;
- with damage to the vascular walls.
There are risk factors that trigger the onset of thrombosis, these are:
- elderly age;
- use of certain drugs, including oral contraceptives;
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- some operations;
- injuries that damage blood vessels.
Deep vein thrombosis is at risk
The risk group includes people who:
- varicose veins;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- operations on the extremities, as well as in the pelvic and abdominal regions;
- there were fractures of the bones of the legs;
- there are tumors in the abdominal cavity, pelvis and retroperitoneal space;
- dyshormonal state of the endocrine or reproductive system;
- positional squeezing syndrome.
Deep vein thrombosis - symptoms
As a rule, the symptoms do not appear immediately, only in the case of an increase in the thrombus. If there is a clot laceration, dyspnea, pain in the chest area, hemoptysis may occur.
Recognize the development of the disease can be on such symptoms:
- swelling of the legs;
- cyanotic skin tone;
- pain during movement.
If there are such signs - most likely, you have a deep vein thrombosis. Stages or variants of the flow determine the method of treatment.
Deep vein thrombosis treatment in Moscow
In the early stages, you can get by with thrombolytic drugs if you have deep vein thrombosis. Treatment (Moscow - a city where there are world luminaries on phlebology) should be very qualified. In the late period, such therapy is dangerous because of the possible separation of thrombus and the development of thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery. If severe circulatory disturbances and deep vein thrombosis are observed, treatment is an operation (thrombectomy).
Deep vein thrombosis - diagnosis
To assess the venous blood flow designate phlebography, duplex scanning, ultrasound and radionuclide scanning. The state of microcirculation is evaluated based on rheovasography data.
Deep vein thrombosis - treatment methods
If a patient has a severe form of thrombosis of the lower extremities, the most effective method of treatment is performed - surgical intervention. In time, the operation makes it possible to restore full blood flow, if the diagnosis is deep vein thrombosis. Treatment after surgery is also directed to the same goal.
Deep vein thrombosis - treatment
Modern medicine offers several ways to treat deep vein thrombosis, the use of which depends on the severity of the disease.
Deep vein thrombosis treatment conservative
With conservative treatment, you can only stop or slow the progression of the disease. Such therapy can also be prescribed for complex treatment.
Principles of conservative therapy:
- compression therapy (elastic compression) - the result of this effect is the exclusion of mechanisms for the progress of varicose veins, without such therapy conservative treatment is impossible;
- the required level of compression is achieved through the use of special knitwear (a special medical product), in this case it is important to choose the right size for compression knitwear;
- Compression jersey is capable of removing edema, pain and fatigue of the lower limbs;
- the necessary result is achieved with a constant application of elastic compression.
Deep vein thrombosis medications
Implied course treatment, the average duration of which is 2,5-3 months. A combination of drugs differing in the mechanism of action is envisaged. To prevent complications from the gastrointestinal tract, some drugs are administered parenterally or in the form of suppositories.
Pharmacotherapy is often performed on an outpatient basis. In severe forms of the disease, patients who have suffered pulmonary embolism or thrombosis of the vena cava are hospitalized each year in a therapeutic or cardiological unit at 2-3 weeks, where infusion hemorheological and cardiotonic therapy is performed.
Deep vein thrombosis treatment without surgery
Selection of correct treatment is performed on the basis of a timely survey. The doctor locates the clot and its parameters, assessing the risk of detachment. After the diagnosis is established, the method of treatment is determined. It can be:
- drug therapy, in which anticoagulant drugs are used to reduce blood coagulability;
- insertion into the vein of the composition that cleaves the clot;
- extraction of thrombus by surgical means, but this concerns only complex forms of the disease;
- the use of a cava filter in a vein, often this method is used at an increased risk of thrombus rejection.
Deep vein thrombosis treatment - surgery
The technique of the operation directly depends on the degree of defeat of deep veins, the duration of the disease, the patient's condition, the nature of thrombosis, and also the presence of pulmonary embolism.
At operations in patients in late terms from the day of the onset of thrombosis (more than seven days), attempts to radically remove the clot are not performed. The exceptions are those cases where it is easy to do and do not need to perform additional cuts.
Deep vein thrombosis - treatment at home
Today, along with traditional methods of treating the disease, traditional medicine is practiced if deep vein thrombosis is defined. Treatment with folk remedies is used as a supplement to the main treatment.
The first thing to do is to dilute the blood. If you have deep vein thrombosis, treatment with folk methods includes the use of the following products:
- onion and garlic;
- sunflower seeds;
- Apple vinegar;
- tomatoes or tomato juice;
To dilute the blood should be approached with caution, so as not to provoke bleeding. It is not recommended to eat fatty and meat products if there is deep vein thrombosis. Photos, the results of improper treatment are on the Internet.
Daily you can eat one spoonful of the mixture, prepared from pounded garlic, two tablespoons of unrefined vegetable oil and one tablespoon of honey.
Deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremities - prevention
Prevention of the disease, above all, is aimed at eliminating the causes that cause the development of vascular diseases. Thus, you need to get rid of bad habits, reduce body weight, treat diabetes, reduce cholesterol in the blood and move more. So it will be possible to defeat thrombosis of deep veins of the lower extremities (diet, photos, the results should become an incentive!).
Deep vein thrombosis. Feedback from our patients.
Anita, 38 years old, Moscow.
I want to thank the staff of the clinic for their professionalism. With their help, I again began to trust traditional medicine. Before I went to the clinic, I was repeatedly given various treatment procedures for deep vein thrombosis on my legs. At me all over again there was a varicose with complication at which have performed operation on "a filing of veins". As a result, I practically became an invalid. On the advice of my friends, I turned to the doctors of this clinic, who brought me back to a full life. It's good that everything went without surgery. Anita, 38 years old, Perm.
Andrew, 40 years, Krasnogorsk.
Because of the frequent stressful situations and bad habits, I had problems with my legs, or more precisely, my circulation. Legs often swelled, chenille and sometimes ached with walking. On the Internet, I accidentally saw an article on vein thrombosis, while the described symptoms coincided with my feelings. I just recently advised your clinic, and I decided to go to a consultation. The doctor diagnosed a deep vein thrombosis of a severe degree. I was first reassured and told that in this case, surgical intervention can not be avoided. As there was no other way out, I agreed, and did not regret. The operation in the vascular compartment of the hospital, where I was urgently hospitalized, was successfully and without complications to remove the thrombus. Now my life is not in danger, thanks to the doctors of the clinic for their professionalism and "human" attitude to the patients! Andrew, 40 years, Moscow.